Mecca ,Saudi Arabia
The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. It is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.It is one of the 5 pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat,Sawm,and Zakat. The gathering during Hajj is considered the largest annual gathering of people in the world.The state of being physically and financially capable of performing the Hajj is known istita’ah, and a Muslim who fulfills this condition is known a mustati. The word Hajj means “to intend a journey”, which connotes both the outward act of a journey and the inward act of intentions. The Hajj is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God(Allah).
The Vatican, Rome
Vatican City is an independent state,head of the worldwide Catholic church, the temporal seat of the Pope; entirely surrounded by the city of Rome, in italy, the Vatican is also the world’s smallest state. Outside Vatican City itself, 13 buildings in Rome and one at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope’s summer residence) also have extraterritorial rights. On 13th March, 2013, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina was elected Pontiff and thus ruler of the Vatican, taking the name Francis.
The Ganges ,India
The Ganges, also Ganga is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 kilometer (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttranchal, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the 3rd largest river by discharge.3 towns holy to Hinduism – Haridwar,Varanasi and Prayag(Allahabad) – attract thousands of pilgrims to its waters to take a dip in the Ganga, which is believed to cleanse oneself of sins and help attain salvation. The rapids of the Ganga also are known for river rafting, attracting hundreds of adventure seekers in the summer months. Also, many cities such as Patna and Kolkata have developed riverfront walkways along the banks of the river to attract tourists.
The Harmandir Sahib, also Darbar Sahiband informally called to as the “Golden Temple”,is the holiest Sikh gurdwara situated in the city of Amristar, Punjab, India. The city was established in 1574 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das.The Harmandir Sahib was designed by the 5th guru, Guru Arjan, who had the cornerstone laid by the Muslim Sufi saint Sai Hazrat Milan Mir on 28 Dec 1588. Guru Arjan completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, in 1604 and installed it in the gurdwara.
Lumbinī is a Buddhist pilgrimage place in the Rupandehi District of Nepal. It is the site where, according to Buddhist tradition, Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE. Gautama, who achieved Enlightenment some time around 528 BCE,became the Gautama Buddha and founded Buddhism. Lumbini is one of many magnets for pilgrimage that sprang up in sites pivotal to the life of Gautama Buddha; other notable pilgrimage places include Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya and Saranath.
Adam’s peak, Sri lanka
Adam’s Peak (Sri Pada) is a 2,243 meter (7,359 ft) tall conical mountain situated in central Sri Lanka. It is well known for the Sri Pada, i.e., “sacred footprint”, a 1.8 meter (5 ft 11 in) rock formation near the summit, which in Buddhist tradition is held to be the footprint of the Buddha, in islamic and Christian tradition that of Adam, or that of St. Thomas and in Hindu tradition that of Shiva.
Our Lady of Guadalupe,Mexico
The Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe is a Roman Catholic church, basilica and National shrine of Mexico in the north of Mexico City. The shrine was built close to the hill of Tepeyac where Our Lady of Guadalupe is believed to have appeared to Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin. This place is also known as La Villa de Guadalupe or, in a more popular sense, simply La Villa, as it has many churches and related buildings.
The new Basilica houses the original tilma (or cloak) of Juan Diego, which holds the picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe. One of the most important pilgrimage place of Catholicism, the basilica is visited by many million people every year, especially around 12 December, Our Lady of Guadalupe’s Feast day.
The Western Wall,Kotel or Wailing Wall is situated in the Old City Jerusalem. It is a relatively small segment of the structure which originally composed the western retaining wall of the 2nd Jewish Temple a top the hill called the Temple Mount to Jews and Christians, originating in its biblical Hebrew name, Har HaBáyit,lit.”Mount of the House [of God]”, and to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary, al-Haram ash-Sharīf .
Jagannath Temple ,India
The Jagannath Temple of Puri is a known, sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath and situated on the eastern coast of India, at Puri in the state of Odisha.
The temple is an important pilgrimage destination for several Hindu traditions, particularly worshippers of god Vishnu and god Krishna, and part of the Char Dham pilgrimages that a Hindu is expected to make in one’s lifetime.
Bodh Gaya is a religious place and site of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous as it is the site where Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment(Bodhimandala)under what became known as the Bodhi Tree.
For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important of the main 4 pilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha, the other 3 being Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Saranath. In 2002, Mahabodhi Temple, situated in Bodh Gaya, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.